There has been an ongoing campaign for quite some years now directed towards creating a global awareness on the effects of global warming. Before a problem can be solved very well, there is always the need to look at the root causes of the problem so as to tackle them from the base. It is therefore very appropriate to first take a look at what really brings about this global phenomenon known as global warming.
The main orchestrator behind the global warming phenomenon is referred to as the greenhouse gas with water vapor as the major greenhouse gas. There are four other gases which forms part of the greenhouse gases. These are namely;
- Carbon dioxide (CO2)
- Methane (CH4)
- Nitrous oxide (N2O) and
- Fluorinated gases
These gases form a group of compounds having the ability to trap heat energy so as to keep the surface of the Earth warmer than it would have normally been had all that heat been lost. These gases are therefore always referred to as the primary causes of the greenhouse effect which in turn leads to global warming.
As the greenhouse gases increase in quantity in the atmosphere it leads to an eventual increase in the temperature of the atmosphere which consequently brings about climatic change. They allow the free passage of sunlight into the Earth’s atmosphere, trapping some of the heat in the process. Those that are allowed to pass through the greenhouse gases touch the surface of the Earth and then bounce back into the atmosphere again. The greenhouse gases then traps the heat that is being emitted from the surface of the Earth back into the atmosphere. This cyclical nature involving the absorption and trapping of the escaping heat causes the temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere to increase drastically which consequently causes global warming in the long run.
Studies conducted by very renowned scientists have projected the year 2047 as being the exact period when the effects of these gases reaches its maximum limit leading to unbearable weather conditions for the inhabitants of the Earth.
After taking such a critical look at the greenhouse gases and its effect on the world, it is really in the right direction to ask what countries are really doing to reduce greenhouse gases. It is through the activities of man and other natural ways that CO2, CH4 and N2O are released into the atmosphere. Some of these activities are; the use of fossil fuels and industrial-based productions. The fluoridated gases are mainly released only through the activities of man.
Since the inception of the Industrial Revolution Era in the 18th century, the activities of man have impacted heavily on the greenhouse gases and their effects on the Earth’s atmosphere. These dangerous and very harmful gases are being released into the atmosphere in huge quantities on a daily basis.
Though it has been said that the greenhouse gases are the main orchestrators of the greenhouse effect which leads to global warming, humans have been found out to be the real architects behind the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere either voluntarily or involuntarily.
Policies and measures being put in place to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases
- Promoting the use of electricity from renewable sources
- Ensuring that energy is appropriately or efficiently used
- Encouraging the use of bio fuels in vehicles
- Reducing the quantity of CO2 released by vehicles
- Promoting the use of electric vehicles
- The Green Deal
- The promotion of energy-saving and vehicles that are ensure the safety of the environment
- Encouraging the use of technologies, that help in saving energy, in the various smelting industries
- The campaign on stopping plastic bags that were being given to customers free of charge
- Promoting the usage of energy that is clean and can at the same time be renewed
- Encouraging the use of biogas
- The campaign on forestation and other prominent policies
- Banning the manufacturing of energy generating units that make use of coal
- Enhancing technologies to ensure that there will be a 23% reduction in the greenhouse gases emissions from heavy-duty vehicles from the year 2018
- Move to cut down HFCs in the atmosphere
- Joining in the Climate and Clean Air Coalition- which is a move across borders with its main objective being enhancing technologies to minimize the use of pollutants that have a very short life span so as to protect the environment and the entire populace
- Investing over $10 billion in areas such as green infrastructure and energy efficiency technologies
- Financing the Muskrat Falls Hydroelectricity project in Newfoundland and Labrador which will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 1.2 mega tonnes
In The Developing Countries
Though the idea of reducing greenhouse gases in a developing country is sometimes seen as being suicidal, Nicaragua has taken a bold step to prove to the other developing nations that there really are affordable ways that can be used to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. This they did through the introduction of a clean energy initiative in the rural areas of Nicaragua.
Various countries have also joined in the campaign to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This can be seen as a very noble decision by these various nations in the bid to make the atmospheric temperature as comfortable as it can be for humans.